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OI MANAGEMENTS (MAUGONJWA TEGEMEZI) PDF Print E-mail
Written by Faasik Info   
Saturday, 17 July 2010 09:10
OI MANAGEMENTS (MAUGONJWA TEGEMEZI)
What are they?
  •     They are diseases which infect someone when the immunity has gone down the commonly know is common cold(Homa)(both positive or negative)
Oi infections –
  •   TUBETRCLOSIS TB,TOXOPLASMOSIS,CYTOMEGALOVIRUS(CMV),CANDIDIASISPNEUMOCYSTISCARINII PNEUMONIA(PCP),HISTOPLASMOSIS,HERPES SIMPLEX,SHINGLES,VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS,HUMAN PAPILOMAVIRUS(HPV),
O.I PREVENTION AND TREATMENTS
  •    Prophylactic treatments-cotrimozole(septrine)
Should be treated early when detected to prevent immunity damage
PREVENTION
  •     Wash hands before eating
  •     Avoid raw undercooked food
  •     Wash or peal food before eating
Example of O.I
1)    TUBERCLOSIS
Signs –
  •     Cough with thick sputum for more than one week
  •     Chest pain
  •     Fever
  •     Night sweats
  •     Weight loss
  •     Feeling tired most of the time’
You can have one or several  of this simples
How is TB spread?
Coughing ,spiting ,breathing.
You cannot get TB through;
  •    Shaking hands.
  •    Sharing dishes or utensils
  •   TB is not inherited.
HOW DO YOU GET MDR-TB?
  •     Primary infection-when you breathe in germ with a person infectious of MDR-TB,
  •     SECONDARY INFECTION-happens when you have an ordinary TB Disease and fails to complete the treatment.
IT CAN BE CURED
2)    PCP(PNEUMOCYSTISTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA)

-It infects the lungs In HIV positive people.
SIGNS
  •    Dry cough
  •    Chest pain
  •    Fever and fatigue
  •    Shortness of breath.
High risk when CD4 under 200
3)    Cryptococcal meningitis
Signs
  •   Severe  headache
  •   Neck ache or stiffness
  •   Fever
  •     Hearing problems,disorientation.
  •    Nausea
  •     Squinting eyes,sensitivity to light.
High risk when CD4 Under 100.
Take home mesasage;
  •    TB can be cured even if you are HIV positive.
  •    Try not to infect people around you.
  •    To be cured you need to complete treatment